I was working at a script where I created a custom object, and I wanted to to change the default properties shown when the object where written to the host. Easy enough, right? I have done this before of course, but this time I started thinking if it were possible to have the headings be different when using the default view, as opposed to, let’s say when shown using Format-List.
So, consider we have an object with the following properties: ‘FirstName’, ‘LastName’ and ‘Email’.
When called, it would display like this:
FirstName LastName Email --------- -------- ----- John Michaelson email@example.com
And using Format-List:
FirstName : John LastName : Michaelson Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
But this is what I wanted my output to be when calling the object:
First Name Last Name E-mail --------- -------- ----- John Michaelson email@example.com
This is just an example of course, and could easily have been achieved using Select-Object with a custom expression.
So why didn’t I just name my properties this way when I defined the object in the script you might ask? I asked myself the same thing, but I like a challenge, ok? Besides, what I wanted was that the heading when used with Format-Table was for the headings to be ‘First Name’, ‘Last Name’ and ‘E-mail’, while when used with Format-Table * or Format-List, they should show as ‘FirstName’, ‘LastName’, and ‘Email’. Makes sense right?
After doing a little research I decided that I needed to define a format.ps1xml file to make this happen. After a lot of trial-and-error I got it working as I wanted. Was I happy now? No, of course not. There had to be a better way! Back to Google with me, and after a while I came over a link to Windows PowerShell Cookbook by Lee Holmes, at Google Books. I actually own this book, and see that in it, he have actually written a function called Add-FormatData that let’s you add a table formatting definition for a specific type name. His function didn’t solve my little problem though, but I had enough information now to build upon his function.
I ended up with two functions; New-FormatTableItem and Add-FormatTable, which let’s you perform what I wanted like this:
@( (New-FormatTableItem 'First Name' 'FirstName' 20), (New-FormatTableItem 'Last Name' 'LastName' 20), (New-FormatTableItem 'E-mail' 'Email' 20) ) | Add-FormatTable -TypeName 'Custom.UserType'
The New-FormatTableItem functions are used to create an array of Table Items, which I then pipe into Add-FormatTable. I don’t know how useful this is going to be for you guys, but it was a fun exercise for me, so I wanted to share it. Here is the code: